MENU
Dog Pelvic Limb Skeleton
Os Coxae
Femur
Patella
Tibia
Fibula
Talus
Calcaneus
Central Tarsal
Tarsal
Metatarsal
Proximal Phalanx
Middle Phalanx
Distal Phalanx
 
Click on a thumbnail from above or a bone on the 3D window in order to select.

The hind limbs have a similar basic pattern to the forelimb. They consist of: femur, tibia and fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, digits or phalanges. The top of the femur moves against (articulates with) the pelvis at the hip joint.

Os Coxae
Dog Os Coxae
Dog Os Coxae
Os coxae are made up of four bones; ilium, ischium, pubic and acetabular bones.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Acetabular Notch: Notch found on the ventral aspect of the acetabulum.
Acetabulum: A large articulation area with the head of the femur, and divided into Acetabular fossa, Lunatesurface.
  • Acetabular Fossa: A non-articular depression portion of the acetabulum used for the attachment of the ligament of the head of the femur.
  • Lunate Surface: Articular half-moon shaped articular surface.
Articular Surface: Articular surface for sacrum.
Greater Ischiatic Notch: A notch found on the dorsal border of the body of the ilium. Schiatic nerve and cranial gluteal vessels pass over this notch.
Iliopubic Eminence: Demarcates the ilium from the pubic bone and serves as attatchment site for the prepubic tendon and inguinal ligament.
Ilium: Craniodorsal bone of the os coxae divided into wing and shaft.
  • Wing: Expanded cranial portion of the ilium.
  • Shaft (Body): Narrow handle-like part of ilium. Rectus femoris muscle attaches here.
Ischiatic Arch: Caudal margin of the floor of the pelvis formed by the left and right ischiatic bones.
Ischiatic Spine: Found between the greater and lesser schiatic notches and serves for the attachment of the gemellus muscle.
Ischiatic Tuberosity: Laterally projecting process of the ischium used for the attachment of anatomical structures such as sacrotuberous ligament, biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimemranosus muscles.
Ischium:
Lesser Ischiatic Notch: A notch found on the dorsal border of the ischium. Tendon of internal obturator muscle passes over it.
Obturator Foramen: Largest foramen in the body. Allows the passage of nerves and vessels.
Pelvic Symphysis: A fibrous joint midline on which the two halves of the os coxae are fused ventrally pointing tuber used for the attachment of the prepubic tendon.
Pubic Bone Pectin: Cranially pointing tuber used for the attachment of the prepubic tendon.
Pubis:
Tuber Coxae: Ventral border of the wing (expanded cranial portion of ilium).
Tuber Sacrale: Dorsal border of the wing.

 

Femur
The description for each section goes here.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Head: A proximal rounded articular extremity of the femur whose shape is adapted to fit into the acetabulum of the os coxae.
Fovea: A non articular depression found on the head used for the attachment of the ligament of the head of the femur.
Greater Trochanter: It is for the attachment of the middle and deep gluteal muscles as well as the quadriceps femoris muscles.
Intercondylar Fossa: A fossa between the condyles used for the attachments of the cruciate ligaments.
Lateral Condyle: Articular surfaces with the tibia.
Lateral Epicondyle: Muscular and ligamentous attachment site for collateral ligaments, semimembranosus muscle and long digital extensor muscle.
Lateral Supracondylar Tuberosity: Lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle and the superficial digital flexor muscle attaches here.
Lesser Trochanter: A small process for the attachment of iliopsoas muscle.
Medial Condyle: Articular surfaces with the tibia.
Medial Epicondyle: Muscular and ligamentous attachment site for collateral ligaments, semimembranosus muscle and long digital extensor muscle.
Neck: A constricted portion of the proximal end of the femur distal to the head.
Third Trochanter: Superficial gluteal muscle attaches here.
Trochanteric Fossa: A depression used for the attachment of the internal and external obturator muscles and the gemellus.
Trochlea: An articular surface housing the patella.

 

Patella
The description for each section goes here.
Tibia
The description for each section goes here.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Intercondylar Eminence: Process between the two condyles.
Lateral Condyle: Articular surfaces that articulate with the condyles of the femur.
Medial Condyle: Articular surfaces that articulate with the condyles of the femur.
Medial Malleolus: Large process on the distal end of the tibia that serves as a point of attachment for the medial collateral ligament. Palpable in live animals.
Popliteal Notch: Notch between the condyles and allows for the passage of the popliteal muscle tendon.
Tibial Crest: Cranial projection that serves as a point of attachment for the muscles such as biceps femoris, gracillis, Sartorius and semitendinosus.
Tibial Tuberosity: Large cranial prominence of the tibia that serves as a point of attachment for the patellar ligament.

 

Fibula
The description for each section goes here.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Head:
Lateral Malleolus:

 

Talus
The description for each section goes here.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Trochlea: Articular Surface of Talus.

 

Calcaneus
The description for each section goes here.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Sustentaculum: Supports the passage of some flexor tendons.
Tuber: Large tuberosity used for the insertion of the calcaneus tendon. This tendon is made up of tarsal tendons of gracilis, gastrocnemius, and superficial digital flexor muscles.

 

Central Tarsal
The description for each section goes here.
Tarsal
The description for each section goes here.
Metatarsal
The description for each section goes here.

 

Labels & Legends
  (Click on each label to zoom in)
Articular Surface:

 

Proximal Phalanx
The description for each section goes here.
Middle Phalanx
The description for each section goes here.
Distal Phalanx
The description for each section goes here.
Your browser does not support canvas element!
Tooltip
Dog Left Pelvic Limb
Copyright 2012. Sheridan College